The wealth made through trade was used to build larger kingdoms and empires. To protect their trade interests, these kingdoms built strong armies. Kingdoms that desired more control of the trade also developed strong armies to expand their kingdoms and protect them from competition.
Which country was a main colonizer of Africa?
By 1900 a significant part of Africa had been colonized by mainly seven European powers—Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Spain, Portugal, and Italy. After the conquest of African decentralized and centralized states, the European powers set about establishing colonial state systems.
Can Africa trade with itself?
When African countries trade with themselves they exchange more manufactured and processed goods, have more knowledge transfer, and create more value. … Botswana and South Africa export the most sophisticated goods while Rwanda and Uganda have made the greatest improvements over the past three decades.
What impact did trade have on Sub-Saharan?
This implies that trade openness as a share of GDP has significantly influenced the growth of sub-Saharan Africa economy which is consistent with previous empirical studies. The result also revealed that domestic investment affects growth in the region positively.
How did the Sahara desert influence the development of Africa?
Trade routes across the Sahara Desert were an important part of the economies of Ancient Africa. Goods such as gold, salt, slaves, cloth, and ivory were transported across the desert using long trains of camels called caravans.