As a general rule a compression of 135 PSI or better is excellent. Similarly, a compression of 85 PSI or lower is extremely bad. The most desirable situation is that all cylinders, give the same or close to the same reading. Furthermore, that reading should be above 135 PSI.
Is 90 psi a good compression?
Generally, readings below 90 PSI for modern two-stroke outboards indicate a problem; most will produce cranking compression readings in the 90 to 105 PSI range, depending on the engine year, make, and model. If your compression readings are low, or some cylinders low but others high, there are a few potential causes.
How much compression should a 350 engine have?
You should have probably somewhere in the 150-170 psi range.
What is the minimum compression for an engine to run?
As a general rule of thumb, compression pressure around 90psi is the minimum required for combustion to occur in a gasoline engine.
Can engine compression be too high?
Compression pressures which are too high can result in detonation or “pinging,” piston damage, and possible rapid starter motor wear.
Should engine compression test be done hot or cold?
The compression test can be done either hot or cold. A hot compression test is done with the engine warm to ensure all the parts are up to temp and the clearances are as expected. If you suspect damage you might just want to perform a cold test instead of letting the motor sit and run to warm up.
How much compression should a 454 have?
The stock compression for a 454 with 781 heads and flattops is around 7.75:1 cr. Then the bigger cam with the later intake valve closing point will reduce cylinder pressure even more. I would except to see 110 to 125 psi numbers.
What is a bad compression reading?
As a rule, most engines should have 140 to 160 lbs. Of cranking compression with no more than 10% difference between any of the cylinders. Low compression in one cylinder usually indicates a bad exhaust valve. Low compression in two adjacent cylinders typically means you have a bad head gasket.
Is 120 psi enough compression?
You should start to worry if one of your cylinders is getting close to 100 psi. Most new engines in good condition compress at around 175 psi. … Suppose that #4 cylinder were at 120 psi, the difference ratio would be 31.4% which would indicate excessive wear in the cylinder.