Alcohol is the most common substance of abuse among adult population in SA. Although a relatively low proportion of South Africans report drinking alcohol (27,9%)³, those who do often drink at harmful or hazardous levels, particularly on weekend⁴.
Is alcohol abuse a problem in South Africa?
Many are alcoholics or suffer from the consequences of an alcohol-related or -induced problem or disease. In South Africa, more than half the road accidents, more than 60% of the road deaths, domestic violence incidences and homicides are directly or indirectly related to alcohol consumption and harmful alcohol use.
Why is there a high rate of substance abuse in South Africa?
Certain people are more at risk for substance abuse and for developing addiction disorders than others. “There are many factors that may make people vulnerable, including genetics, family background, mental health issues, work stress, financial pressure, and relationship problems,” says Acker.
What are the social factors that contribute to substance abuse in South Africa?
Social Risk Factors. Social factors that contribute to increased risk for adolescent substance use include deviant peer relationships, popularity, bullying, and association with gangs.
How does unemployment cause drug abuse?
The unemployed are more likely to consume excessive amounts of alcohol, and to use illicit and prescription drugs. They are more likely to smoke and develop dependence on alcohol and illicit drugs.
How bad is substance abuse in South Africa?
Their statistics indicate that nearly 15 percent of South Africa’s population have a drug problem, with substance abuse being a major contributor to poverty, reduced productivity, unemployment, dysfunctional family life, political instability, the escalation of chronic diseases such as acquired immunodeficiency …
How does substance abuse affect society?
Substance abuse affects and costs the individual, the family, and the community in significant, measurable ways including loss of productivity and unemployability; impairment in physical and mental health; reduced quality of life; increased crime; increased violence; abuse and neglect of children; dependence on non- …
Are drugs legal or illegal in South Africa?
Drugs such as dagga, heroin, Ecstasy, Mandrax, tik and cocaine are illegal. Further, you could experience a very pleasant response to one drug, yet another drug could have a very frightening reaction B it could even kill you. Like any business, the illicit drug industry is profit-driven.