Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. British penetration of the area began at Zanzibar in the last quarter of the 19th century. In 1888 the Imperial British East Africa Company established claims to territory in what is now Kenya.
Why did the British colonize East Africa?
‘ Specifically, that Britain had colonised these territories in order to control the sources of the Nile so as to maintain its hold over Egypt, and by extension, the route to Britain’s jewel in its imperial crown, India.
Why were the British so brutal in Kenya?
Nairobi, Kenya – The British colonial officers ordered the Kenyans off the crowded bus, hunting for insurgents who had brazenly challenged the empire’s rule. … The abuses were part of a systematic campaign of torture conducted by the British to suppress the Mau Mau uprising in the 1950s and early ’60s.
Why were the British so successful?
Reasons Why The British Were Successful In Expanding Their Empire. … With land, with trade, with goods, and with literal human resources, the British Empire could grab more and more power. Profitability was key to British expansion, and the age of exploration brought wonderous and addictive delights to the British Empire …
Why were the British Interested in Kenya?
The British colonized Kenya for economic considerations and for increased power. The British saw Kenya as a potential source of wealth. … The British also saw colonizing Kenya as a way to get more power. They felt it would give them more prestige in their competition with other European powers.
Is Kenya still a British colony?
The Colony and Protectorate of Kenya, commonly known as British Kenya, was part of the British Empire in Africa.
|Colony and Protectorate of Kenya|
|• Established||11 June 1920 (Colony) 13 August 1920 (Protectorate) 1920|
|• Independent as Kenya||12 December 1963|
What was Kenya called in 1961?
The British Empire established the East Africa Protectorate in 1895, from 1920 known as the Kenya Colony. The independent Republic of Kenya was formed in 1963. It was ruled as a de facto one-party state by the Kenya African National Union (KANU), led by Jomo Kenyatta during 1963 to 1978.
What was Kenya like before colonization?
Pre-colonial history By the 1st Century AD, the Kenyan coast was frequented by Arab traders, who due to Kenya’s proximity to the Arabian Peninsula, established Arab and Persian colonies there. The Nilotic and Bantu people also moved into the region during the first millennium AD. and settled inland.